Case Study: Property Management Industry
The volume of online reviews has increased by more than 1,870% since 2006,1 and consumers trust reviews more than ever — they are now on par with word-of-mouth recommendations.2
Reputation.com mines this rapidly growing source of consumer sentiment for actionable insights specific to our clients’ businesses. In this case study, our focus is the property management industry.
Comparative Case Study: Property Management Industry
We looked at over 8,000 online reviews posted nationwide for two Reputation.com Enterprise clients in the residential property management industry, catering to renters at distinctively different price points.
An analysis of recurring terms within the reviews provided unique insights into the companies’ tenants, their major concerns, and the impact of online reviews on each business.
Selected Analysis Insights
- Online reviews are becoming much more important across the board.
- Tenants of both companies complain about the same types of issues.
- The amenities that tenants value vary significantly between companies.
- Spaciousness and quality moldings are the top positive apartment features for tenants of the more expensive management company.
- Customer service is not a primary concern for the tenants of the less expensive company.
- Renters with the less expensive company identify much more strongly with the management company’s brand than those with the more expensive company.
- Tenants of both companies are equally drawn to online reviews, but tenants with the lower cost company are more likely to write reviews.
|Description of market||National: mainly
|Average price for a
|Average price compared
to local rental market3
quintile of renter4
|Fourth Quintile||Second Quintile|
|Number of complexes
|Number of reviews
Although the income quintiles above are only estimates and the proportion of income spent on housing varies between cities and individuals, we can assume that a 2.5x difference in average monthly cost means that the two companies target different demographics, which we will refer to as upper-mid and lower-mid.
Using our Reputation.com for Enterprise platform, we crawled over 8,000 reviews and categorized them according to sentiment. We then utilized algorithms developed by our R&D team to find semantic, natural language patterns in the text of the reviews.
From this data, we could determine which words were strongly associated with positive reviews and which words with negative reviews.
Reputation.com for Enterprise insights allow our clients to zero in on the issues — both good and bad — that matter most to their customers. These insights also suggest ways our clients can improve their operations while lowering costs.
The Reputation.com for Enterprise platform helps our clients to monitor their online reviews across the Internet, encourage their customers to post positive reviews, and track the impact of marketing campaigns or changes in business strategy on customer sentiment.
“Online reviews are more findable than ever before, and more people are writing and reading them.5“
Reputation.com for Enterprise features:
- Compile reviews from multiple sites
- Tools to analyze the data from these reviews
- Ability to request reviews from loyal customers
- Industry-specific Reputation Score
- Comparison to local competitors
- Semantic analysis of review text
- Automated reporting to management
- Automated alerting for negative reviews
Finding 1: Review Growth is Highly Similar Between Both Groups
- Online reviews are more important than ever and the volume of reviews is growing.
- How much money a person spends on rent has no impact on whether or not they use online reviews.
- Renters in the lower-mid rental market are more likely to review their apartments than those in the upper-mid market.
- This trend holds true across the country, in both large coastal cities and mid-sized regional cities.
Looking at the 10-year running average of monthly reviews for each company (July 2002 to July 2012), the trends are almost identical. Apartment A starts with an average volume about 3 times higher than Apartment B and this remains roughly constant until July 2011, when review volume for Apartment B begins increasing more rapidly.
Regardless, the popularity of writing online reviews is increasing at an equivalent rate for both companies, despite the difference in target demographic. However, Apartment A has over 4 times as many rental properties as Apartment B, so the number of reviews per property is lower. No data was available on the number of rental units per property, but for the average number of reviews per tenant to be equivalent, Apartment B would need to have more than twice as many units per property. This seems improbable, which suggests that lower-mid renters are more likely to write reviews than upper-mid renters.
“Consumers increasingly turn to online reviews, so review management needs to play a larger role in your overall business strategy.”
Finding 2: Negative Terms are Highly Similar Across Groups, but Positive Terms are Not
- The things that annoy tenants are the same, regardless of how much they spend on rent.
- The things that make tenants happy vary according to how much they spend on rent.
More than 1 in 3 of the words associated with a negative review are identical between both management companies. However, only 1 in 10 words associated with a positive review are the same.
This suggests that the factors that drive people to write bad reviews are much more universal than the factors that lead them to write glowing reviews.
Figure 2. Positive and negative words that appear in the lists of significant terms for both management companies.
- 36.1% of negative words in common
- 10.8% of positive words in common
The same trend appears when grouping words by category (e.g. financial words, customer service words) and comparing both companies. The negative words group neatly into the same categories, with no exceptions. However, the positive words show more variety — they cannot be grouped entirely into parallel categories.
|Negative Categories||Positive Categories|
|Cust. service||Cust. service||Cust. service||Cust. service|
|Pests||Pests||What’s nearby||What’s nearby|
|Specific cities||Specific cities|
|Pros & Cons||Time & Date|
Figure 3. Meaningful terms for each property management company, grouped by category.
“Monitor positive reviews regularly to determine which amenities lead to customer loyalty.”
Finding 3: Top Negative Words Vary by Rental Demographic
- Improving customer service and transparency in financial procedures will have a big payoff for upper-mid renters, but not for lower-mid renters.
- Improving pest control and maintaining facilities will have a major impact for lower-mid renters, but not for upper-mid renters.
We isolated the top 10 most positive and negative words for both management companies. These are the words that are most strongly associated with either good or bad reviews, meaning that they are used repeatedly in the same context. As such, these words tell us what the most important issues are for renters with each company.
Our data show that financial issues and customer service are the most important problems facing upper-mid renters, because words in those categories appear the most often in the top 10. Pests and facilities are the most important problems facing lower-mid renters.
Therefore, when deciding where to focus resources, the rental demographic matters. For upper-mid renters, improvements to financial procedures and customer service will have a large impact, whereas investment in better pest control or new facilities will have less of an impact. The opposite holds true for lower-mid renters.
|No. of items in the top 10 list of negative words|
|Word Category||A (upper-mid)||B (lower-mid)|
Figure 4. Categorization of the top 10 most important negative terms for each property management company.
“Look at the big picture across all your reviews to find out what matters most to your customers.”
“Systematically request reviews after making improvements on recurring issues, as tenants will be more likely to write something favorable.”
Finding 4: Brand Association is Stronger in the Lower-mid Market
- Satisfied tenants in different rental markets will mention different features when writing reviews.
- Lower-mid renters have a very strong connection to the management company’s brand, but upper-mid renters do not.
- Upper-mid renters have a very strong connection to where the apartment complex is located, whereas lower-mid renters do not.
Looking at the top 10 words that appear repeatedly in positive reviews for each company, an interesting difference emerges. Upper-mid renters seem strongly fixated on what is in the neighborhood — items like groceries, restaurants, and schools make up nearly half of the top 10 most positive words for Apartment A.
For lower-mid renters, however, none of the top 10 words reference the neighborhood. Instead, they reference the facilities provided and the specific names of the apartment complexes.
This suggests the lower-mid renters associate more strongly with the brand name of the complex (e.g. “The Pines”) whereas upper-mid renters focus more on physical location (e.g. “SoHo” or “foodie neighborhood”).
|No. of items in the top 10 list of positive words|
|Category||A (upper-mid)||B (lower-mid)|
|Pros & Cons||2||0|
Figure 5. Categorization of the top 10 most important positive terms for each property management company.
As such, property management companies should tailor their advertising to the interests of their target demographics.
For the lower-mid market, advertise the connection between brand and the amenities that tenants appreciate: e.g. “The Pines offers in-suite laundry in every unit” or “The Pines guarantees same-day appointments for any routine maintenance.”
For the upper-mid market, advertise neighborhood amenities: e.g. “Two blocks from the top-rated elementary school in the city” or “Walking distance to groceries and dozens of restaurants.”
“Generate reports on review sentiment to measure the impact of your marketing efforts.”
Finding 5: Unusual Words Reveal Tenant Priorities
- Upper-mid renters are most concerned with the specifics of their units, the character of the neighborhood, and personal safety.
- Lower-mid renters are most concerned with common areas and the general atmosphere of the complex.
- Upper-mid renters are more likely to weigh the pros and cons of a rental arrangement.
Many strongly negative or positive terms discovered by the algorithm are relatively intuitive. However, for each company we also discovered several unusual terms that are not immediately obvious.
The non-obvious words appearing in the top 20 lists (negative and positive) give us unique insights into issues that are important to tenants, but that might fly under the radar otherwise.
Looking at negative words for Apartment A, security-related terms rank strongly. “Camera” (presumably “security camera”), “cop,” and “gates” may reflect that Apartment A tenants do not feel safe in their neighborhoods. In addition, “air conditioning,” “dust,” and “temperature” indicate that air quality is also an issue for Apartment A.
For Apartment B, security and air quality terms do not appear at all. “Mail,” however, suggests systemic problems with postal delivery.
|Apt A (upper-mid)||Apt B (lower-mid)|
Figure 6. Unexpected terms that show up in the top 20 most important words for each company.
Positive terms such as “spacious,” “molding,” and “breeze” for Apartment A provide insights into which design features are most important to those tenants. In contrast, Apartment B unit design doesn’t seem to be a major concern — the only design-related term is “corners,” a somewhat cryptic reference that may or may not refer to the actual suites. However, “atmosphere,” “clubhouse,” and “greenhouse” suggest that the ambiance of the common areas is an important issue for these tenants.
Interestingly, Apartment A’s reviews also generated two negative words with a strong positive correlation: “pricey” and “drawback.” This suggests that these tenants like to compare and contrast, providing lists of pros and cons in their reviews. A similar trend does not exist for Apartment B.
“Mention unusual positive words when responding publicly to online reviews.”
- Reputation.com customer data across all industries.
- Local Consumer Review Survey, http://searchengineland. com/study-72-of-consumers-trust-online-reviews-asmuch- as-personal-recommendations-114152
- Based on August 2012 data from Craigslist.
- Assumes 35% of income spent on housing.
- Cone, Inc., http://www.coneinc.com/negativereviews-online-reverse-purchase-decisions
For more information about these results or Reputation.com for Enterprise, call: